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Find a resume that represents the true you. The true life of the criminal lawyer differs dramatically from the romanticized versions often portrayed in film and on television. Both public defenders and prosecutors must process numerous cases on limited budgets through an over-burdened and under-funded criminal justice system. Rarely can a defendant afford to present a case with the assistance of a highly paid "dream team" of attorneys. Prosecutors must often rely on informants and other witnesses with their own extensive records of past convictions, who may agree to testify only in an effort to reduce their own sentences and punishment. Movies and television make the most of courtroom drama—from classics that challenge our notion of justice, such as To Kill a Mockingbird, to farces designed solely to entertain, such as the trial portrayed in the last episode of the hit comedy Seinfeld. Well over 90% of all criminal matters are resolved through plea bargains without trial. Thus, both prosecutors and defense attorneys are constantly involved in high-stakes negotiations that will determine the fate of the defendant. Criminal lawyers work tirelessly—both inside and outside the courtroom, in advance of trial and, if necessary, during trial—in the zealous representation of their clients. Being a criminal lawyer requires a substantial set of skills beyond being a good trial lawyer; criminal lawyers must be good negotiators, investigators, counselors, and even social workers. Criminal lawyers may be a client's only listening ear, so they must be prepared to deal with all of the stressful aspects in their client's life at that moment, not just the accused crime. Criminal Prosecution Prosecutors work for the state or federal government in enforcement of federal and state statutes as well as city ordinances that define the criminal code. State prosecutors generally work for the state's attorneys or district attorneys of their counties. Prosecution of federal crimes is typically coordinated through the U. Attorney's Office in each federal judicial district. Departments in these offices are typically organized by the type of crimes they prosecute. Felonies such as murder, robbery, rape, or vehicular homicide, which are crimes that can result in prison terms of more than one year, are typically handled by a group of felony prosecutors. Misdemeanors, or crimes which can include a fine or jail sentence of up to one year, are typically handled by a different group of prosecutors. Enforcement of city ordinances, including traffic offenses, criminal trespass to property, shoplifting, and parking offenses are often handled by a different group of prosecutors. This allows the various cases to proceed in an orderly manner before judges and other court officials, such as magistrates, who are familiar with the statutory requirements and equipped to handle issues including pre-trial detention (bail), evidentiary standards (probable cause for arrest, detention, or searches), and sentencing. Other divisions of state and county prosecutors' offices handle matters such as consumer fraud and environmental standards enforcement. Juveniles are processed through an entirely separate system that emphasizes treatment and rehabilitation rather than punishment. Prosecutors at both state and federal levels are given tremendous discretion in determining how to proceed against a particular defendant. The prosecutor determines whether to proceed with charges based on factors including the amount and type of evidence, the nature of the crime and its victim , the existence of a prior criminal record on the part of the defendant, and the effect of the crime on the community (for example, vehicular homicide caused by the defendant's drunk driving or crimes in which the defendant acted against the victim because of his or her race, sexual orientation, or religion). Prosecutors may also seek to charge through indictment, which can involve presenting witnesses and evidence to a grand jury for its consideration and evaluation. Criminal Defense Criminal defense attorneys may work for the federal, state, or local government or for private law firms. The Constitution provides that anyone accused of a crime, even the indigent, has the right to be defended by an attorney; thus states, municipalities, and the federal government maintain public defenders' offices which provide defense counsel to anyone who needs it. These offices are typically organized by the type of alleged crime— for example, traffic crimes, juvenile crimes, misdemeanors, felonies, and civil crimes (abuse, neglect, dependency, etc.). Criminal defendants may be accused of any number of crimes or complaints. Retail theft, assault, possession of drug paraphernalia, criminal trespass to real property, or even telephone harassment are just a few of the criminal misdemeanor charges a criminal attorney defends. Numerous traffic violations include driving with a suspended or revoked driver's license, driving without insurance, or driving while under the influence of alcohol. Criminal defense attorneys also assist clients accused of various felony crimes, including possession of a controlled substance, carjacking, kidnapping, and first degree murder. Criminal defense attorneys serve their client's best interest and have no requirement to present evidence or call witnesses in defense of their case; it is the prosecutor's responsibility, or burden, to prove the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. This does not mean that the defense attorney has nothing to do on the case. He or she must investigate the scene of the crime, talk to witnesses to establish what may have happened, and research case law to construct the defense and to gain insight on possible arguments to be made by the prosecution. Defense attorneys are often faced with factual situations that are extremely unfavorable to their clients. They work closely with their clients when preparing for trial and generally attempt to resolve the case before trial by seeking dismissal of the case or negotiating a plea agreement with the prosecutors. The government also uses criminal sanctions to enforce civil laws— whether tax laws, securities laws, banking laws, antitrust laws, or environmental laws. "White collar" criminal defense lawyers represent individuals and businesses that have allegedly violated such statutory provisions. Attorneys specializing in white collar defense defend their clients in civil and criminal investigations and against both civil and criminal charges. These cases may be complicated by additional civil lawsuits brought by the alleged victims of the crime or crimes. White collar defense lawyers are experts in handling the interplay between these civil and criminal investigations and charges. Types of Cases Handled by Criminal Lawyers Examples of the types of crimes handled by prosecutors, criminal defense attorneys, and public defenders include: Crimes Against People Crimes against people include rape, murder, child abuse, spousal abuse, hate crimes, and assault. Prosecutors, public defenders, and criminal defense attorneys work with experts in the forensics field on such issues as DNA analysis and ballistics analysis, as well as with the coroner or medical examiner. Generally crimes against people are handled at the state level, but they may be prosecuted federally if the crimes are committed against federal officials, such as the murder of a federal agent, or if they involve interstate transport, such as kidnapping or the smuggling of illegal firearms used in the commission of a crime. Drug Crimes The federal government has made the war against drugs a priority, with stiff penalties for those defendants proved guilty of importing, selling, and distributing drugs. An ever-increasing number of drug cases are prosecuted, and drug cases therefore account for a significant percentage of the cases handled by public defenders and private criminal defense attorneys. Drug cases include those brought against neighborhood dealers as well as those brought against organizations involved in large-scale drug trafficking and money laundering (the transfer and concealment of large amounts of cash generated through sales of drugs through various bank accounts). Organized Crime Organized crime is often glamorized by the movies and television, with few apparent victims other than those who are associated with the crime families. However, organized crime victimizes citizens at large because of its far-reaching economic consequences. When organized crime infiltrates legitimate businesses or labor unions by demanding payments or taking over the business, costs are driven up, and the effect is felt by individual consumers and government entities. White collar criminal defendants, who frequently fall into this category, often have the financial resources to hire private criminal defense attorneys who work in the white collar criminal defense departments in large law firms or who work in small boutique practices specializing in white collar defense work. Economic Crimes In an unceasing quest to get something for nothing, defendants commit a wide variety of economic crimes, including counterfeiting, using false documents to obtain loans, and participating in credit card fraud and other types of commercial scams. Defendants may also commit tax offenses, whether failing to file tax returns or filing false returns. Many of the defendants in these cases hire private criminal defense attorneys with experiences in such fraud and tax evasion cases to handle their defense. Public Corruption When public officials such as police officers or elected officials engage in wrongdoings (for example, taking bribes or extorting money or services), prosecutors bring charges against them. Such investigations, such as the "Silver Shovel" investigation that resulted in the sentencing of several government officials in Chicago, are often lengthy and complex. They require a sophisticated coordination of efforts between prosecutors and investigators, and highly specialized defense efforts on behalf of criminal defense attorneys. Life as a Criminal Lawyer Where do criminal lawyers work? Prosecutors who work for the state are generally employed by a state attorney's office or a county district attorney's (D. Each county has one state attorney or one district attorney and some number of assistant state or district attorneys. Public defenders also work for the state or federal government. Highly populated areas, such as Cook County, Illinois (home to Chicago and a number of densely populated suburbs), may have hundreds of assistant state's attorneys, while counties with smaller populations have smaller prosecutor's offices. military also employs attorneys who are prosecutors, as does the U. Public defenders who work for the state are employed by a county public defender's office. Many of the prosecutors who work for the federal government are employed by the U. Attorneys for the various federal judicial districts throughout the country, which are part of the Department of Justice. Each county has a public defender, and the number of assistant public defenders employed by the county depends on the county's population. The public defender fills the Constitutional requirement of providing representation by counsel for all. Counties sometimes hire private criminal defense attorneys to assist defendants when the public defenders are overburdened by their case loads. Private criminal defense attorneys generally work in law firms. Some work in small firms or on their own, but others are associated with mid-size and large firms. Before becoming private defense attorneys, they often gain experience in criminal litigation by working as public defenders or prosecutors. White collar criminal defense attorneys often work in large law firms, where the complex cases on which they work, unique in their mix of criminal and civil issues, can be supported by teams of attorneys and extensive support staff. Who are their clients and what types of cases do they work on? Prosecutor Gerry Judson, Deputy District Attorney in the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office, explains, "As a representative of the people, [prosecutors] don't have clients in the normal sense of the word. We serve the community at large by ensuring that laws are enforced and justice is served. Consequently, we represent the entire county of Los Angeles. Victims of crimes often look at us as their lawyers. In a certain respect, we are the only advocates they have in the criminal justice system. We try to ensure that their interests are protected by getting convictions and seeing that the appropriate sentence is imposed." The Los Angeles D. "We prosecute all types of crimes," says Bill, "from crimes as simple as driving without a valid driver's license to crimes as serious as murder. The Los Angeles District Attorney's Office has a number of specialized prosecution units, such as the hard core gang unit, the major fraud unit, the environmental crimes unit, the major narcotics unit, and the domestic violence unit, just to name a few. If you have a special interest in a certain area of criminal prosecution, once you've obtained experience prosecuting cases, you can apply to one of our many special units. There's something for everyone." Allicia Morgan is the lead criminal prosecutor at the Office of the Champaign County State's Attorney in Urbana, Illinois, where she is one of 13 criminal prosecutors. These federal agencies engage in criminal investigations. "Though my clients are technically the people of the state of Illinois, my clients are truly those who are victims of violent crimes. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Office of the Inspector General of the U. They investigate crimes and then bring the results of the investigation to us, to prosecute the case or to give them further direction in the investigation." Fran says that she works on a wide variety of criminal cases. I work on felony cases, cases involving crimes such as first degree murder, armed robbery, and rape. "Sometimes we have joint jurisdiction over crimes such as drug crimes, which may be prosecuted by a county prosecutor's office. Our office also handles felony crimes against property, such as burglary, and crimes such as forgery. "We have client agencies we work with, like the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF), the U. We tend to take the larger, more complex cases with distinct federal interests. Among the most rewarding cases to work on, but the most emotionally taxing, are child abuse and neglect cases." She adds, "Less experienced attorneys in the office handle misdemeanor cases, which involve offenses that are punishable for up to one year in jail. "We are ultimately public servants," explains Fran, an Assistant U. These include cases such as bank robberies; crimes against women in which the defendant has crossed state lines; gun cases in which a firearm is possessed by a felon or in which the defendant possesses a firearm that is banned; threats against the President; possession of stolen mail; bank fraud, such as check kiting schemes and fraudulent efforts to obtain government loans; health care fraud, such as physicians or medical equipment suppliers claiming that they have provided a service or supplies that were never provided; and counterfeiting." Fran notes that the investigations she works on often reveal surprising schemes. New attorneys generally handle traffic cases." Fran Macey is a federal prosecutor at the Office of the U. Recently, she encountered a number of counterfeiting cases involving technically sophisticated high school and college students who attempted to manufacture currency with their state-of-the-art computers and printers. Those defendants who cannot afford a private defense attorney are assigned the services of a public defender. Denise Trousdale is an Assistant Public Defender for Cook County's Sixth Municipal District in Markham, Illinois, just west of Chicago. "I represent indigent clients of all ages," she says. "I work with juveniles, young adults, middle-aged people, and even senior citizens." Trousdale explains that those defendants who can't afford a private attorney are asked to complete an affidavit (sworn statement) of assets and liabilities. Once a judge reviews the affidavit and determines that they are indigent, the defendant is assigned a public defender. Trousdale handles misdemeanor cases and some felony cases. "In the misdemeanor cases, the client may be charged with possession of marijuana, criminal damage to property, possession of alcohol by a minor, or dis-orderly conduct. My felony cases include armed robbery, home invasion, credit card or check fraud, and cocaine possession." Jack Stevens works as a private defense attorney as well as a civil litigation attorney at a 25-person firm in Champaign, Illinois. Half of Mark's practice is criminal defense; the other half of his practice is civil litigation. "Many of my criminal defense clients come to me via referrals from the companies I represent in my civil litigation practice," he explains. "Before entering private practice, I worked as a prosecutor in the Champaign County State's Attorney's Office. Some of the people I previously prosecuted have come to me to represent them. Much of my clientele comes from word of mouth." Mark represents defendants charged with a range of crimes—from murder to speeding. "Some of the cases involve the alleged burglary of autos or businesses. I get a fair number of clients who are university students who have been drinking and their subsequent behavior results in their being charged with a felony or misdemeanor. Champaign County aggressively prosecutes cases in which a defendant has been charged with driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol." Attorney Robert Rovenger handles white collar cases at Richards & Roth, a large law firm in Los Angeles. Robert comments that it's "almost impossible" to describe his wide range of clients. "We represent individuals, large corporations, small corporations, partnerships, and other business entities. This is fairly typical in the white collar field, because a criminal investigation into a corporation will necessarily also involve the criminal investigation into the responsible officers, directors, and employees of the organization." Robert explains how these very complex cases work. "A case typically begins with a subpoena from a grand jury, the execution of a search warrant, or interview of the employees of a company by federal investigators. This is generally the first indication that a company or individual has that they are being investigated for criminal activity. The white collar attorney generally tries to make contact with the prosecutor to determine whether the client is under investigation personally for criminal activity or is merely regarded as the witness of the possible criminal activity of another. The attorney then attempts to do a factual investigation and to develop the paper trail necessary to determine whether any laws were broken. In federal cases, because of the influence of the federal sentencing guidelines, it is also generally important to begin determining what factors will affect the length of the client's possible sentence if convicted." At that point, Robert explains, negotiations generally begin. "Once the attorney feels comfortable with the facts, he or she will often meet with the prosecutor to seek a declination of criminal prosecution or a favorable plea agreement. If those negotiations do not appear to be likely to resolve the case, the attorney will generally attempt to reach some sort of agreement with regard to pre-trial release and request that the client be allowed to surrender, rather than be arrested, in the event that he or she is charged with a crime. If the client is charged, the case will proceed very much like civil litigation. The primary exception is that discovery is very limited in criminal cases. Thus a premium is placed on the actual investigation rather than the discovery tactics employed in civil litigation. The other major difference from civil litigation is that criminal cases proceed much more quickly. Even a very complex case can go from indictment to trial within a single year." What daily activities are involved in criminal law practice? Every day is different," says Assistant State's Attorney Fran Macey. And every day you're handling guilty pleas and motion hearings." Elizabeth explains that she's involved in her felony cases right from the start and all the way through trial. "You run from crisis to crisis; it's as if you have to keep your finger in the dam all time. "One day a week I review police reports and make decisions about what crimes have been committed, and I file charges against the defendants accordingly." In Champaign County criminal jury trials are convened every two weeks. "Every two weeks, I know I'll be on trial for a two-week period. Few of the trials last more than two or three days. During the two weeks between trial periods, I spend as much time as possible preparing for trial and making sure all the evidence is ready. When the two-week jury term convenes, as many as six or seven cases are set for trial each day, so you need to be well prepared." Many cases settle just before trial, but Elizabeth says she can count on having at least two felony jury trials a month. Los Angeles County prosecutor Gerry Judson agrees that life as a prosecutor is hectic and unpredictable. "My true office is the courtroom." Bill notes that each day offers new challenges. "We arraign new defendants, discuss plea agreements (case settlements), handle search and seizure and other evidentiary hearings, and deal with probation violations. Attorney, Fran Macey reports that she is involved in a variety of tasks. In addition to these activities, we are either preparing for trial or actually in trial," he says. She especially enjoys court hearings and trials, but her job involves far more than courtroom work. For example, she says, "I meet with federal agents to discuss investigations and offer advice. Attorneys, we get to research and write our own briefs." Fran has also done some public speaking for law enforcement officials and county attorneys. Because cases often involve complex legal and procedural issues, they require extensive brief writing at the district, magistrate, and appellate level. "One of the Attorney General's initiatives was the Violence Against Women Act enacted in 19. Domestic violence is generally a local crime handled at the state level. In order to be effective in enforcing the federal act, we needed to work closely with county and city attorneys' offices to get information about potential defendants. I spoke at seminars in which we talked with probation officers, city and county attorneys, and police officers about the new law and its implications." Public defenders are often assigned to a criminal courtroom, where they work in a team with a particular prosecutor and an assigned judge. "When I arrive at work, I immediately report to my courtroom," says Denise Trousdale, Cook County Public Defender. "On any given day, as many as 50 cases may be assigned to the courtroom for discovery, negotiations, or trial. Most of the day is spent assisting my clients in negotiations with the prosecutor. A majority of my cases—about 90%—are resolved through negotiated pleas or agreements. I spend about five days per month in trial." Private defense attorney Jack Stevens says that he spends much of his time reviewing discovery and doing independent investigations for his clients. "I carefully review the police reports and determine what independent investigation needs to be done. I interview the client to get the client's account of what transpired. I also prepare motions and petitions on a regular basis—for example, motions to suppress evidence at trial. I also have constant and regular contact with the state's attorneys' office to negotiate plea agreements. The conferences with the state's attorneys tend to be very informal—sometimes they are by appointment and sometimes I just talk to the state's attorney as he or she is walking into the courthouse in the morning." On the day we interviewed Mark, he had an appointment to talk to one of the state's attorneys about 16 cases scheduled for a docket call on a single date three weeks later. Mark, whose defense clients make up half of his case load, says, "About 98% of my cases settle," but he tries about one criminal case per year. Mark says that it's not uncommon for private criminal defense attorneys in his county to try anywhere from six to 12 cases per year. White collar defense work requires that attorneys spend time developing legal strategies to assist their clients in complex, high-stakes cases. Explains Robert Humphreys, "Most of my day is spent assembling and investigating the facts of the case and in the library developing the legal issues that will affect the client's criminal liability and length of sentence. It is generally the objective of the white collar criminal practitioner to avoid going to court at all and to settle the case prior to the filing of the criminal charges. Thus, far more time is spent in negotiations with the prosecutor's offices than is spent arguing in court. There is a fair amount of motion activity in criminal cases after charges are filed, however, and criminal cases are far more likely than civil cases to actually go to trial." What do criminal lawyers find rewarding about their practice? The prosecutors we talked to said that they found their role as public servants particularly rewarding. "I always believe that I'm on the right side of things," says Fran Macey. It's satisfying when people who have committed crimes against others are convicted and sent to prison. "Even when I lose a trial, I feel good about the role I've played in the case. I know I stand for something, for an important principle—I uphold the laws of our state." Los Angeles County prosecutor Gerry Judson agrees. "The nature of the job of being a deputy district attorney is, in itself, rewarding. It may sound corny, but knowing that you are an integral part of the search for truth and justice is what keeps all of us going. You have the ability to take violent predators off the street. You are able to show victims and their families that the system will work for them and that they are not forgotten. You have the responsibility to ensure that no individual is wrongly accused. You are doing something to help better the community." Prosecutors tend to love their courtroom work. "There's nothing more rewarding than being in the courtroom every day," says Gerry Judson. "Everyone who comes to this office wants to be a trial attorney. For me, there couldn't be a better job in the world! " Fran Macey is equally enthusiastic about her work in the courtroom. "Both going to court and being in trial are fun," she says. "Many of my evidentiary hearings are actually bench trials [trials heard before a judge rather than a jury], and I have the opportunity to use my oral advocacy skills. Attorney's Office gives you the chance to work with victims and law enforcement officials, so you don't miss out on the human dynamic of practicing law. I also really enjoy the challenge of arguing cases before the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals. I generally have the chance to do two or three Eighth Circuit appellate arguments per year." As an assistant U. attorney, Fran has the opportunity to do extensive legal research and write briefs for her own cases. But you also engage in the more academic legal experiences of law practice—research and writing—as well. And it's that combination that makes my job especially rewarding.*' Fran also enjoys working on a team with her colleagues. We have an open door policy; we get to know each other well. I enjoy my work with a varied group of attorneys, from former JAG attorneys to former county prosecutors to attorneys formerly in private practice. I also work with federal investigators, developing case strategies; we think about the type of evidence we want to develop for a trial, talk through admissibility of evidence issues, debate what approach is most persuasive to a jury, and brainstorm about what we think we need to present a very good case. Then we concentrate on lending that perspective to the entire investigation. I also work with victim witness coordinators who work with the victims of the crimes as well as the witnesses whose testimony we will use during the course of the trial or the hearing." As a public defender, Denise Trousdale finds her work with her indigent clients immensely rewarding. "I provide people who can't afford a private lawyer the best defense possible. Just being a good defense attorney is a reward in itself," she says. Trousdale also says that her love of people makes being a public defender the perfect job for her. I love the fact that I have a relationship with the other people in the courtroom, that we're working together to make the system work." Trousdale says that she enjoys the relationships she develops with her clients. "There's a very important social work aspect of my job," she says. "I try to help those struggling with alcohol and drugs find treatment programs. And with juvenile offenders, I try to be a role model. They often come to visit me months or years later, to let me know how they're doing. Odom,' they'll tell me proudly, 'I'm going to school now! ' And they send me their graduation announcements and graduation pictures. My office is filled with pictures my young clients have sent me. Just looking at those faces, knowing those kids have moved on with their lives, is incredibly rewarding." Most criminal defense attorneys delight in being at trial. "It's rewarding to go to trial and win," says private defense attorney Mark Lipton. Denise Trousdale is extremely enthusiastic about her trial work. "As a defense attorney, you get to be very creative. You brainstorm with your colleagues and come up with ideas and strategies for defense of your client. The Training and Skills Important to Criminal Law How do people enter the field of criminal law? Some attorneys become convinced that they want to be criminal lawyers at an early age. Public defender Denise Trousdale says that she knew she wanted to be a criminal defense attorney from the time she was 12 years old. My mom raised six of us, including my two brothers, who had juvenile delinquency problems. When I was 12,1 met the public defender who was representing one of my brothers. My mother explained to me what a public defender was—how they represented people who couldn't afford private attorneys and how they were paid for through our taxes. I made up my mind right then that I wanted to be a public defender, and I never changed my mind. I always tell my young clients that, in spite of all the obstacles in my way, I pursued my dream career, and I encourage them to do the same." Other attorneys who pursue the field are inspired by experiences as student interns in state's attorneys' offices or public defender's offices. "I worked at the state's attorney's office as a student intern," says prosecutor Fran Macey. I couldn't ever imagine wanting to practice any other type of law." As an intern, Elizabeth tried her first cases under the supervision of a licensed attorney, which is permitted in some states. As a third year student, I handled traffic trials, including DUI cases. I was working under the supervision of the traffic prosecutor. When I was hired after graduation, I became the traffic prosecutor." Some law students find that working in a prosecutor's office offers them an opportunity to engage in public service while gaining trial experience. I knew that only in the criminal justice system could a young attorney get a lot of trial experience." Bill adds that once he knew he wanted to work as a criminal attorney, he faced the decision of whether to work as a prosecutor or as a defense attorney. Such is the case with Gerry Judson, who says, "Two things influenced my becoming a deputy district attorney. "After speaking to several prosecutors, I learned that as a prosecutor, I could be an advocate for victims, individuals whose rights had truly been violated by other individuals. I saw that they had intellectually challenging jobs that allowed them to research and write about interesting legal and procedural issues. It's common for private defense attorneys such as Jack Stevens to begin their careers as prosecutors. First of all, I wanted to give back to the community. I also learned that as a prosecutor, my main role was to seek justice. I knew they had frequent opportunities to use their oral advocacy skills. I also heard about the collegial atmosphere in the U. Attorney's Office—and that has proven to be true." Fran worked as a litigation associate at a large firm for several years before pursuing a job at the U. Mark worked as a prosecutor for seven years before becoming a private defense attorney. Although I continue to have great respect for what defense attorneys do, I knew that a prosecutor was what I wanted to be, and I have never regretted that decision." Many attorneys who pursue this field are inspired by criminal law studies in law school. Attorney Fran Macey worked as a judicial law clerk after graduation. "If you want to do litigation of any kind, working in a state's attorney's office is one of the best training grounds. "I found that the cases in my criminal law classes were the only ones that were actually interesting to read," confides Robert Humphreys. "I clerked for Judge Damon Keith of the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals," explains Fran. It's the best way to get into criminal defense work and a good way to get into civil litigation." As a prosecutor, says Mark, "I liked being the good guy and wearing the white hat. "While I was clerking, I began to think about becoming an Assistant U. But shorty after I decided to leave the state's attorney's office, I was assigned a death penalty murder case that went to trial. That experience provoked my liberal sensibilities, and I shifted into the role of looking out for individual rights. What are the hot industries, fields, and companies in your area? My client in the murder case, rather than being sentenced to death, was sentenced to 80 years, of which he will have to serve 40. That doesn't minimize the fact that 40 years is a long time, but it's much better than the death penalty. That case was a real turning point for me." What skills are most important to criminal lawyers? RESUMES. Sample resumes for many industries, job titles, and career levels. Various formats, including chronological, functional, and hybrid. Plain to moderately.

Corporate <strong>lawyer</strong> sample resume Career FAQs

Corporate lawyer sample resume Career FAQs The true life of the criminal lawyer differs dramatically from the romanticized versions often portrayed in film and on television. Both public defenders and prosecutors must process numerous cases on limited budgets through an over-burdened and under-funded criminal justice system. Rarely can a defendant afford to present a case with the assistance of a highly paid "dream team" of attorneys. Prosecutors must often rely on informants and other witnesses with their own extensive records of past convictions, who may agree to testify only in an effort to reduce their own sentences and punishment. Movies and television make the most of courtroom drama—from classics that challenge our notion of justice, such as To Kill a Mockingbird, to farces designed solely to entertain, such as the trial portrayed in the last episode of the hit comedy Seinfeld. Well over 90% of all criminal matters are resolved through plea bargains without trial. Thus, both prosecutors and defense attorneys are constantly involved in high-stakes negotiations that will determine the fate of the defendant. Criminal lawyers work tirelessly—both inside and outside the courtroom, in advance of trial and, if necessary, during trial—in the zealous representation of their clients. Being a criminal lawyer requires a substantial set of skills beyond being a good trial lawyer; criminal lawyers must be good negotiators, investigators, counselors, and even social workers. Criminal lawyers may be a client's only listening ear, so they must be prepared to deal with all of the stressful aspects in their client's life at that moment, not just the accused crime. Criminal Prosecution Prosecutors work for the state or federal government in enforcement of federal and state statutes as well as city ordinances that define the criminal code. State prosecutors generally work for the state's attorneys or district attorneys of their counties. Prosecution of federal crimes is typically coordinated through the U. Attorney's Office in each federal judicial district. Departments in these offices are typically organized by the type of crimes they prosecute. Felonies such as murder, robbery, rape, or vehicular homicide, which are crimes that can result in prison terms of more than one year, are typically handled by a group of felony prosecutors. Misdemeanors, or crimes which can include a fine or jail sentence of up to one year, are typically handled by a different group of prosecutors. Enforcement of city ordinances, including traffic offenses, criminal trespass to property, shoplifting, and parking offenses are often handled by a different group of prosecutors. This allows the various cases to proceed in an orderly manner before judges and other court officials, such as magistrates, who are familiar with the statutory requirements and equipped to handle issues including pre-trial detention (bail), evidentiary standards (probable cause for arrest, detention, or searches), and sentencing. Other divisions of state and county prosecutors' offices handle matters such as consumer fraud and environmental standards enforcement. Juveniles are processed through an entirely separate system that emphasizes treatment and rehabilitation rather than punishment. Prosecutors at both state and federal levels are given tremendous discretion in determining how to proceed against a particular defendant. The prosecutor determines whether to proceed with charges based on factors including the amount and type of evidence, the nature of the crime and its victim , the existence of a prior criminal record on the part of the defendant, and the effect of the crime on the community (for example, vehicular homicide caused by the defendant's drunk driving or crimes in which the defendant acted against the victim because of his or her race, sexual orientation, or religion). Prosecutors may also seek to charge through indictment, which can involve presenting witnesses and evidence to a grand jury for its consideration and evaluation. Criminal Defense Criminal defense attorneys may work for the federal, state, or local government or for private law firms. The Constitution provides that anyone accused of a crime, even the indigent, has the right to be defended by an attorney; thus states, municipalities, and the federal government maintain public defenders' offices which provide defense counsel to anyone who needs it. These offices are typically organized by the type of alleged crime— for example, traffic crimes, juvenile crimes, misdemeanors, felonies, and civil crimes (abuse, neglect, dependency, etc.). Criminal defendants may be accused of any number of crimes or complaints. Retail theft, assault, possession of drug paraphernalia, criminal trespass to real property, or even telephone harassment are just a few of the criminal misdemeanor charges a criminal attorney defends. Numerous traffic violations include driving with a suspended or revoked driver's license, driving without insurance, or driving while under the influence of alcohol. Criminal defense attorneys also assist clients accused of various felony crimes, including possession of a controlled substance, carjacking, kidnapping, and first degree murder. Criminal defense attorneys serve their client's best interest and have no requirement to present evidence or call witnesses in defense of their case; it is the prosecutor's responsibility, or burden, to prove the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. This does not mean that the defense attorney has nothing to do on the case. He or she must investigate the scene of the crime, talk to witnesses to establish what may have happened, and research case law to construct the defense and to gain insight on possible arguments to be made by the prosecution. Defense attorneys are often faced with factual situations that are extremely unfavorable to their clients. They work closely with their clients when preparing for trial and generally attempt to resolve the case before trial by seeking dismissal of the case or negotiating a plea agreement with the prosecutors. The government also uses criminal sanctions to enforce civil laws— whether tax laws, securities laws, banking laws, antitrust laws, or environmental laws. "White collar" criminal defense lawyers represent individuals and businesses that have allegedly violated such statutory provisions. Attorneys specializing in white collar defense defend their clients in civil and criminal investigations and against both civil and criminal charges. These cases may be complicated by additional civil lawsuits brought by the alleged victims of the crime or crimes. White collar defense lawyers are experts in handling the interplay between these civil and criminal investigations and charges. Types of Cases Handled by Criminal Lawyers Examples of the types of crimes handled by prosecutors, criminal defense attorneys, and public defenders include: Crimes Against People Crimes against people include rape, murder, child abuse, spousal abuse, hate crimes, and assault. Prosecutors, public defenders, and criminal defense attorneys work with experts in the forensics field on such issues as DNA analysis and ballistics analysis, as well as with the coroner or medical examiner. Generally crimes against people are handled at the state level, but they may be prosecuted federally if the crimes are committed against federal officials, such as the murder of a federal agent, or if they involve interstate transport, such as kidnapping or the smuggling of illegal firearms used in the commission of a crime. Drug Crimes The federal government has made the war against drugs a priority, with stiff penalties for those defendants proved guilty of importing, selling, and distributing drugs. An ever-increasing number of drug cases are prosecuted, and drug cases therefore account for a significant percentage of the cases handled by public defenders and private criminal defense attorneys. Drug cases include those brought against neighborhood dealers as well as those brought against organizations involved in large-scale drug trafficking and money laundering (the transfer and concealment of large amounts of cash generated through sales of drugs through various bank accounts). Organized Crime Organized crime is often glamorized by the movies and television, with few apparent victims other than those who are associated with the crime families. However, organized crime victimizes citizens at large because of its far-reaching economic consequences. When organized crime infiltrates legitimate businesses or labor unions by demanding payments or taking over the business, costs are driven up, and the effect is felt by individual consumers and government entities. White collar criminal defendants, who frequently fall into this category, often have the financial resources to hire private criminal defense attorneys who work in the white collar criminal defense departments in large law firms or who work in small boutique practices specializing in white collar defense work. Economic Crimes In an unceasing quest to get something for nothing, defendants commit a wide variety of economic crimes, including counterfeiting, using false documents to obtain loans, and participating in credit card fraud and other types of commercial scams. Defendants may also commit tax offenses, whether failing to file tax returns or filing false returns. Many of the defendants in these cases hire private criminal defense attorneys with experiences in such fraud and tax evasion cases to handle their defense. Public Corruption When public officials such as police officers or elected officials engage in wrongdoings (for example, taking bribes or extorting money or services), prosecutors bring charges against them. Such investigations, such as the "Silver Shovel" investigation that resulted in the sentencing of several government officials in Chicago, are often lengthy and complex. They require a sophisticated coordination of efforts between prosecutors and investigators, and highly specialized defense efforts on behalf of criminal defense attorneys. Life as a Criminal Lawyer Where do criminal lawyers work? Prosecutors who work for the state are generally employed by a state attorney's office or a county district attorney's (D. Each county has one state attorney or one district attorney and some number of assistant state or district attorneys. Public defenders also work for the state or federal government. Highly populated areas, such as Cook County, Illinois (home to Chicago and a number of densely populated suburbs), may have hundreds of assistant state's attorneys, while counties with smaller populations have smaller prosecutor's offices. military also employs attorneys who are prosecutors, as does the U. Public defenders who work for the state are employed by a county public defender's office. Many of the prosecutors who work for the federal government are employed by the U. Attorneys for the various federal judicial districts throughout the country, which are part of the Department of Justice. Each county has a public defender, and the number of assistant public defenders employed by the county depends on the county's population. The public defender fills the Constitutional requirement of providing representation by counsel for all. Counties sometimes hire private criminal defense attorneys to assist defendants when the public defenders are overburdened by their case loads. Private criminal defense attorneys generally work in law firms. Some work in small firms or on their own, but others are associated with mid-size and large firms. Before becoming private defense attorneys, they often gain experience in criminal litigation by working as public defenders or prosecutors. White collar criminal defense attorneys often work in large law firms, where the complex cases on which they work, unique in their mix of criminal and civil issues, can be supported by teams of attorneys and extensive support staff. Who are their clients and what types of cases do they work on? Prosecutor Gerry Judson, Deputy District Attorney in the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office, explains, "As a representative of the people, [prosecutors] don't have clients in the normal sense of the word. We serve the community at large by ensuring that laws are enforced and justice is served. Consequently, we represent the entire county of Los Angeles. Victims of crimes often look at us as their lawyers. In a certain respect, we are the only advocates they have in the criminal justice system. We try to ensure that their interests are protected by getting convictions and seeing that the appropriate sentence is imposed." The Los Angeles D. "We prosecute all types of crimes," says Bill, "from crimes as simple as driving without a valid driver's license to crimes as serious as murder. The Los Angeles District Attorney's Office has a number of specialized prosecution units, such as the hard core gang unit, the major fraud unit, the environmental crimes unit, the major narcotics unit, and the domestic violence unit, just to name a few. If you have a special interest in a certain area of criminal prosecution, once you've obtained experience prosecuting cases, you can apply to one of our many special units. There's something for everyone." Allicia Morgan is the lead criminal prosecutor at the Office of the Champaign County State's Attorney in Urbana, Illinois, where she is one of 13 criminal prosecutors. These federal agencies engage in criminal investigations. "Though my clients are technically the people of the state of Illinois, my clients are truly those who are victims of violent crimes. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Office of the Inspector General of the U. They investigate crimes and then bring the results of the investigation to us, to prosecute the case or to give them further direction in the investigation." Fran says that she works on a wide variety of criminal cases. I work on felony cases, cases involving crimes such as first degree murder, armed robbery, and rape. "Sometimes we have joint jurisdiction over crimes such as drug crimes, which may be prosecuted by a county prosecutor's office. Our office also handles felony crimes against property, such as burglary, and crimes such as forgery. "We have client agencies we work with, like the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF), the U. We tend to take the larger, more complex cases with distinct federal interests. Among the most rewarding cases to work on, but the most emotionally taxing, are child abuse and neglect cases." She adds, "Less experienced attorneys in the office handle misdemeanor cases, which involve offenses that are punishable for up to one year in jail. "We are ultimately public servants," explains Fran, an Assistant U. These include cases such as bank robberies; crimes against women in which the defendant has crossed state lines; gun cases in which a firearm is possessed by a felon or in which the defendant possesses a firearm that is banned; threats against the President; possession of stolen mail; bank fraud, such as check kiting schemes and fraudulent efforts to obtain government loans; health care fraud, such as physicians or medical equipment suppliers claiming that they have provided a service or supplies that were never provided; and counterfeiting." Fran notes that the investigations she works on often reveal surprising schemes. New attorneys generally handle traffic cases." Fran Macey is a federal prosecutor at the Office of the U. Recently, she encountered a number of counterfeiting cases involving technically sophisticated high school and college students who attempted to manufacture currency with their state-of-the-art computers and printers. Those defendants who cannot afford a private defense attorney are assigned the services of a public defender. Denise Trousdale is an Assistant Public Defender for Cook County's Sixth Municipal District in Markham, Illinois, just west of Chicago. "I represent indigent clients of all ages," she says. "I work with juveniles, young adults, middle-aged people, and even senior citizens." Trousdale explains that those defendants who can't afford a private attorney are asked to complete an affidavit (sworn statement) of assets and liabilities. Once a judge reviews the affidavit and determines that they are indigent, the defendant is assigned a public defender. Trousdale handles misdemeanor cases and some felony cases. "In the misdemeanor cases, the client may be charged with possession of marijuana, criminal damage to property, possession of alcohol by a minor, or dis-orderly conduct. My felony cases include armed robbery, home invasion, credit card or check fraud, and cocaine possession." Jack Stevens works as a private defense attorney as well as a civil litigation attorney at a 25-person firm in Champaign, Illinois. Half of Mark's practice is criminal defense; the other half of his practice is civil litigation. "Many of my criminal defense clients come to me via referrals from the companies I represent in my civil litigation practice," he explains. "Before entering private practice, I worked as a prosecutor in the Champaign County State's Attorney's Office. Some of the people I previously prosecuted have come to me to represent them. Much of my clientele comes from word of mouth." Mark represents defendants charged with a range of crimes—from murder to speeding. "Some of the cases involve the alleged burglary of autos or businesses. I get a fair number of clients who are university students who have been drinking and their subsequent behavior results in their being charged with a felony or misdemeanor. Champaign County aggressively prosecutes cases in which a defendant has been charged with driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol." Attorney Robert Rovenger handles white collar cases at Richards & Roth, a large law firm in Los Angeles. Robert comments that it's "almost impossible" to describe his wide range of clients. "We represent individuals, large corporations, small corporations, partnerships, and other business entities. This is fairly typical in the white collar field, because a criminal investigation into a corporation will necessarily also involve the criminal investigation into the responsible officers, directors, and employees of the organization." Robert explains how these very complex cases work. "A case typically begins with a subpoena from a grand jury, the execution of a search warrant, or interview of the employees of a company by federal investigators. This is generally the first indication that a company or individual has that they are being investigated for criminal activity. The white collar attorney generally tries to make contact with the prosecutor to determine whether the client is under investigation personally for criminal activity or is merely regarded as the witness of the possible criminal activity of another. The attorney then attempts to do a factual investigation and to develop the paper trail necessary to determine whether any laws were broken. In federal cases, because of the influence of the federal sentencing guidelines, it is also generally important to begin determining what factors will affect the length of the client's possible sentence if convicted." At that point, Robert explains, negotiations generally begin. "Once the attorney feels comfortable with the facts, he or she will often meet with the prosecutor to seek a declination of criminal prosecution or a favorable plea agreement. If those negotiations do not appear to be likely to resolve the case, the attorney will generally attempt to reach some sort of agreement with regard to pre-trial release and request that the client be allowed to surrender, rather than be arrested, in the event that he or she is charged with a crime. If the client is charged, the case will proceed very much like civil litigation. The primary exception is that discovery is very limited in criminal cases. Thus a premium is placed on the actual investigation rather than the discovery tactics employed in civil litigation. The other major difference from civil litigation is that criminal cases proceed much more quickly. Even a very complex case can go from indictment to trial within a single year." What daily activities are involved in criminal law practice? Every day is different," says Assistant State's Attorney Fran Macey. And every day you're handling guilty pleas and motion hearings." Elizabeth explains that she's involved in her felony cases right from the start and all the way through trial. "You run from crisis to crisis; it's as if you have to keep your finger in the dam all time. "One day a week I review police reports and make decisions about what crimes have been committed, and I file charges against the defendants accordingly." In Champaign County criminal jury trials are convened every two weeks. "Every two weeks, I know I'll be on trial for a two-week period. Few of the trials last more than two or three days. During the two weeks between trial periods, I spend as much time as possible preparing for trial and making sure all the evidence is ready. When the two-week jury term convenes, as many as six or seven cases are set for trial each day, so you need to be well prepared." Many cases settle just before trial, but Elizabeth says she can count on having at least two felony jury trials a month. Los Angeles County prosecutor Gerry Judson agrees that life as a prosecutor is hectic and unpredictable. "My true office is the courtroom." Bill notes that each day offers new challenges. "We arraign new defendants, discuss plea agreements (case settlements), handle search and seizure and other evidentiary hearings, and deal with probation violations. Attorney, Fran Macey reports that she is involved in a variety of tasks. In addition to these activities, we are either preparing for trial or actually in trial," he says. She especially enjoys court hearings and trials, but her job involves far more than courtroom work. For example, she says, "I meet with federal agents to discuss investigations and offer advice. Attorneys, we get to research and write our own briefs." Fran has also done some public speaking for law enforcement officials and county attorneys. Because cases often involve complex legal and procedural issues, they require extensive brief writing at the district, magistrate, and appellate level. "One of the Attorney General's initiatives was the Violence Against Women Act enacted in 19. Domestic violence is generally a local crime handled at the state level. In order to be effective in enforcing the federal act, we needed to work closely with county and city attorneys' offices to get information about potential defendants. I spoke at seminars in which we talked with probation officers, city and county attorneys, and police officers about the new law and its implications." Public defenders are often assigned to a criminal courtroom, where they work in a team with a particular prosecutor and an assigned judge. "When I arrive at work, I immediately report to my courtroom," says Denise Trousdale, Cook County Public Defender. "On any given day, as many as 50 cases may be assigned to the courtroom for discovery, negotiations, or trial. Most of the day is spent assisting my clients in negotiations with the prosecutor. A majority of my cases—about 90%—are resolved through negotiated pleas or agreements. I spend about five days per month in trial." Private defense attorney Jack Stevens says that he spends much of his time reviewing discovery and doing independent investigations for his clients. "I carefully review the police reports and determine what independent investigation needs to be done. I interview the client to get the client's account of what transpired. I also prepare motions and petitions on a regular basis—for example, motions to suppress evidence at trial. I also have constant and regular contact with the state's attorneys' office to negotiate plea agreements. The conferences with the state's attorneys tend to be very informal—sometimes they are by appointment and sometimes I just talk to the state's attorney as he or she is walking into the courthouse in the morning." On the day we interviewed Mark, he had an appointment to talk to one of the state's attorneys about 16 cases scheduled for a docket call on a single date three weeks later. Mark, whose defense clients make up half of his case load, says, "About 98% of my cases settle," but he tries about one criminal case per year. Mark says that it's not uncommon for private criminal defense attorneys in his county to try anywhere from six to 12 cases per year. White collar defense work requires that attorneys spend time developing legal strategies to assist their clients in complex, high-stakes cases. Explains Robert Humphreys, "Most of my day is spent assembling and investigating the facts of the case and in the library developing the legal issues that will affect the client's criminal liability and length of sentence. It is generally the objective of the white collar criminal practitioner to avoid going to court at all and to settle the case prior to the filing of the criminal charges. Thus, far more time is spent in negotiations with the prosecutor's offices than is spent arguing in court. There is a fair amount of motion activity in criminal cases after charges are filed, however, and criminal cases are far more likely than civil cases to actually go to trial." What do criminal lawyers find rewarding about their practice? The prosecutors we talked to said that they found their role as public servants particularly rewarding. "I always believe that I'm on the right side of things," says Fran Macey. It's satisfying when people who have committed crimes against others are convicted and sent to prison. "Even when I lose a trial, I feel good about the role I've played in the case. I know I stand for something, for an important principle—I uphold the laws of our state." Los Angeles County prosecutor Gerry Judson agrees. "The nature of the job of being a deputy district attorney is, in itself, rewarding. It may sound corny, but knowing that you are an integral part of the search for truth and justice is what keeps all of us going. You have the ability to take violent predators off the street. You are able to show victims and their families that the system will work for them and that they are not forgotten. You have the responsibility to ensure that no individual is wrongly accused. You are doing something to help better the community." Prosecutors tend to love their courtroom work. "There's nothing more rewarding than being in the courtroom every day," says Gerry Judson. "Everyone who comes to this office wants to be a trial attorney. For me, there couldn't be a better job in the world! " Fran Macey is equally enthusiastic about her work in the courtroom. "Both going to court and being in trial are fun," she says. "Many of my evidentiary hearings are actually bench trials [trials heard before a judge rather than a jury], and I have the opportunity to use my oral advocacy skills. Attorney's Office gives you the chance to work with victims and law enforcement officials, so you don't miss out on the human dynamic of practicing law. I also really enjoy the challenge of arguing cases before the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals. I generally have the chance to do two or three Eighth Circuit appellate arguments per year." As an assistant U. attorney, Fran has the opportunity to do extensive legal research and write briefs for her own cases. But you also engage in the more academic legal experiences of law practice—research and writing—as well. And it's that combination that makes my job especially rewarding.*' Fran also enjoys working on a team with her colleagues. We have an open door policy; we get to know each other well. I enjoy my work with a varied group of attorneys, from former JAG attorneys to former county prosecutors to attorneys formerly in private practice. I also work with federal investigators, developing case strategies; we think about the type of evidence we want to develop for a trial, talk through admissibility of evidence issues, debate what approach is most persuasive to a jury, and brainstorm about what we think we need to present a very good case. Then we concentrate on lending that perspective to the entire investigation. I also work with victim witness coordinators who work with the victims of the crimes as well as the witnesses whose testimony we will use during the course of the trial or the hearing." As a public defender, Denise Trousdale finds her work with her indigent clients immensely rewarding. "I provide people who can't afford a private lawyer the best defense possible. Just being a good defense attorney is a reward in itself," she says. Trousdale also says that her love of people makes being a public defender the perfect job for her. I love the fact that I have a relationship with the other people in the courtroom, that we're working together to make the system work." Trousdale says that she enjoys the relationships she develops with her clients. "There's a very important social work aspect of my job," she says. "I try to help those struggling with alcohol and drugs find treatment programs. And with juvenile offenders, I try to be a role model. They often come to visit me months or years later, to let me know how they're doing. Odom,' they'll tell me proudly, 'I'm going to school now! ' And they send me their graduation announcements and graduation pictures. My office is filled with pictures my young clients have sent me. Just looking at those faces, knowing those kids have moved on with their lives, is incredibly rewarding." Most criminal defense attorneys delight in being at trial. "It's rewarding to go to trial and win," says private defense attorney Mark Lipton. Denise Trousdale is extremely enthusiastic about her trial work. "As a defense attorney, you get to be very creative. You brainstorm with your colleagues and come up with ideas and strategies for defense of your client. The Training and Skills Important to Criminal Law How do people enter the field of criminal law? Some attorneys become convinced that they want to be criminal lawyers at an early age. Public defender Denise Trousdale says that she knew she wanted to be a criminal defense attorney from the time she was 12 years old. My mom raised six of us, including my two brothers, who had juvenile delinquency problems. When I was 12,1 met the public defender who was representing one of my brothers. My mother explained to me what a public defender was—how they represented people who couldn't afford private attorneys and how they were paid for through our taxes. I made up my mind right then that I wanted to be a public defender, and I never changed my mind. I always tell my young clients that, in spite of all the obstacles in my way, I pursued my dream career, and I encourage them to do the same." Other attorneys who pursue the field are inspired by experiences as student interns in state's attorneys' offices or public defender's offices. "I worked at the state's attorney's office as a student intern," says prosecutor Fran Macey. I couldn't ever imagine wanting to practice any other type of law." As an intern, Elizabeth tried her first cases under the supervision of a licensed attorney, which is permitted in some states. As a third year student, I handled traffic trials, including DUI cases. I was working under the supervision of the traffic prosecutor. When I was hired after graduation, I became the traffic prosecutor." Some law students find that working in a prosecutor's office offers them an opportunity to engage in public service while gaining trial experience. I knew that only in the criminal justice system could a young attorney get a lot of trial experience." Bill adds that once he knew he wanted to work as a criminal attorney, he faced the decision of whether to work as a prosecutor or as a defense attorney. Such is the case with Gerry Judson, who says, "Two things influenced my becoming a deputy district attorney. "After speaking to several prosecutors, I learned that as a prosecutor, I could be an advocate for victims, individuals whose rights had truly been violated by other individuals. I saw that they had intellectually challenging jobs that allowed them to research and write about interesting legal and procedural issues. It's common for private defense attorneys such as Jack Stevens to begin their careers as prosecutors. First of all, I wanted to give back to the community. I also learned that as a prosecutor, my main role was to seek justice. I knew they had frequent opportunities to use their oral advocacy skills. I also heard about the collegial atmosphere in the U. Attorney's Office—and that has proven to be true." Fran worked as a litigation associate at a large firm for several years before pursuing a job at the U. Mark worked as a prosecutor for seven years before becoming a private defense attorney. Although I continue to have great respect for what defense attorneys do, I knew that a prosecutor was what I wanted to be, and I have never regretted that decision." Many attorneys who pursue this field are inspired by criminal law studies in law school. Attorney Fran Macey worked as a judicial law clerk after graduation. "If you want to do litigation of any kind, working in a state's attorney's office is one of the best training grounds. "I found that the cases in my criminal law classes were the only ones that were actually interesting to read," confides Robert Humphreys. "I clerked for Judge Damon Keith of the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals," explains Fran. It's the best way to get into criminal defense work and a good way to get into civil litigation." As a prosecutor, says Mark, "I liked being the good guy and wearing the white hat. "While I was clerking, I began to think about becoming an Assistant U. But shorty after I decided to leave the state's attorney's office, I was assigned a death penalty murder case that went to trial. That experience provoked my liberal sensibilities, and I shifted into the role of looking out for individual rights. My client in the murder case, rather than being sentenced to death, was sentenced to 80 years, of which he will have to serve 40. That doesn't minimize the fact that 40 years is a long time, but it's much better than the death penalty. That case was a real turning point for me." What skills are most important to criminal lawyers? This free sample resume for a corporate lawyer has an accompanying corporate lawyer sample cover letter and sample job advertisement. Counselling; Creative Writing; Criminal Justice; Criminology; Dental. I am a hy organised and motivated lawyer currently employed by Clarke. Send me the Word template.

Sample of Career Research Paper

Sample of Career Research Paper No one likes writing a resume, but it's a critical part of the job search in all fields. In academics, the resume is called a curriculum vitae (or CV) and it is even less fun to write. Unlike a resume which presents your experience and skills within a 1-page format, the curriculum vitae has no page limit. The most prolific professionals I have encountered have CVs that are dozens of pages long and bound as books. That's highly unusual, of course, but the point is that the CV is a comprehensive list of your experiences, accomplishments, and the products of your work. Your mentor likely has a CV of 20 pages of more, depending on his or her productivity, rank, and experience. Beginning graduate students usually start out with 1 page CVs and work hard to flesh them out into multiple page documents. It can be easy to add pages when you consider what goes into a CV. The CV lists your education, work experience, research background and interests, teaching history, publications, and more. There's lots of information to work with, but can you include too much information? Is there anything that you should not include on you CV? Don't Include Personal Information It was once common for people to include personal information on their CVs. Never include any of the following: It is illegal for employers to discriminate against potential employees on the basis of personal characteristics. Allow yourself to be judged only on your professional merits and not on your personal characteristics. Don't Include Photos Given the ban on personal information, it should go without saying that applicants should not send photographs of themselves. Unless you are an actor, dancer, or another performer, never attach a picture of yourself to your CV or application. Don't Add Irrelevant Information Hobbies and interests should not appear on your CV. Include only extracurricular activities that are directly related to your work. Remember that your goal is to portray yourself as serious and an expert in your discipline. Hobbies can suggest that you're not working hard enough or that you are not serious about your career. Don't Include Too Much Detail It's an odd paradox: Your CV presents detailed information about your career, but you must take care not to go into too much depth in describing the content of your work. Your CV will be accompanied by a research statement in which you walk readers through your research, explaining its development and your goals. You will also write a statement of teaching philosophy, explaining your perspective on teaching. Given these documents, there is no need to go into minute detail describing your research and teaching other than the facts: where, when, what, awards granted, etc. Your curriculum vitae describes your qualifications for a professional academic career. Don't Include Ancient Information Do not discuss anything from high school. It is unlikely that experiences from college are relevant to this. From college, list only you major, graduation year, scholarships, awards, and honors. Do not list any extracurricular activities from high school or college. Do Not List References Your CV is a statement about YOU. Undoubtedly you'll be asked to provide references but your references do not belong on your CV. Don't list that your "references are available upon request." Surely the employer will request references if you're a potential candidate. Wait until you are asked and then remind your references and tell them to expect a call or email. Do Not Lie It should be obvious but many applicants make the mistake of including items that are not entirely true. Although you want your CV to stand out, be sure that it stands out for the right reasons, such as its quality. For example, they might list a poster presentation that they were invited to give but didn't. It will come back to haunt you and ruin your career. Do not make your CV look different in color, shape, or format unless you want it passed around as a source of humor. Or list a paper as under review that is still being drafted. Criminal Record Although you should never lie, don't give employers a reason to dump your CV in the trash-pile. That means don't spill the beans unless you are asked. If they're interested and you're offered the job you may be asked to consent to a background check. Do you prefer to be known as careless or poorly educated? If so, that's when you discuss your record - when you know that they are interested, Discuss it too soon and you may lose an opportunity. Don't Write in Solid Blocks of Text Remember that employers scan CVs. Don't Include Errors What's the fastest way to get your CV and application tossed? Make yours easy to read by using bold headings and short descriptions of items. Academic Writing Service. Online Help 24/7. From per page.

<strong>Law</strong> and Legal Internship Contact Details

Law and Legal Internship Contact Details Ten-Percent offers a CV Writing Service, a CV Review Service, CV Writing Packs and the Complete Guide to Writing a Legal CV. Computer & Language Skills The next section after this is the computer and language skills. Normally the following entry will suffice: Proficient with the use of Microsoft Office products including Excel and Access, full ability to use internet and e-mail facilities, legal research CD’s and internet search engines. All CV Services are provided by a qualified solicitor, recruitment consultant and legal career coach. This is more important these days than it has been in the past as firms want to see who is computer literate and who clearly would not be able to assist them with their I. If you have language skills it is much better to put them down with a comparison so that firms can see what “basic French” actually means. For details please visit Below is our summary guidance for CVs and covering letters for solicitors, barristers and legal executives. A successful CV needs to have the following sections on it: Personal Details A personal detail section which is headed Curriculum Vitae of John Smith or your name. For example can you order a meal at a restaurant, or can you hold a conversation with a native French speaker. 3/4 page for your most recent position is about right. You should put this in chronological order with the dates, the establishment and location together with the title of position you held. It is therefore important that any experience you have, even if you think it to be trivial, is expanded upon in as much detail as possible in this section. Work experience is absolutely vital to any legal firm. Work Experience The next section after your education is perhaps the most important section on your CV. This should have in chronological order the items as follows: 1. Failure to do so will mean that firms will automatically assume that your grades were appalling and in any event will not proceed further with the application. Education Your next section should be your education section. It is important to put your grades even if they are pretty appalling. The A Level section simply needs to state the date, the establishment and location, the A Level titles together with the grades. If you did anything else at university that is academically linked you may put it in this section. On the next line if you have completed a dissertation it is worth putting the title here (unless it is non-law related and not very interesting! The other method of putting down your degree which is especially important if you do not have that much legal experience is to include a short list of each year you were at university. In respect to your degree there are a number of ways of presenting this and the most common method is simply to put the dates you were at university with the establishment and location, on the second line put the title of your degree, on the third line put the class of your degree and on the fourth line include a section saying subjects included and then include some examples such as Tort (88%), English legal system (22%). At this level in your career you would not expect to be presenting all your GCSEs and it does suffice to say 10 GCSEs at grades A – C including maths and English. Activities & Interests The final section and perhaps the second most important is the activities and interests section. Most people believe that a list with the words ‘reading’, ‘skiing’, ‘playing various sports’ and ‘socialising with friends’ will suffice. Firms are looking for somebody with a well rounded background and with the ability to hold a conversation. You will not be able to hold a very long conversation with a partner interviewing you if all he has in front of him for your activities and interests is the words ‘reading’. He can ask you what books you read and you can answer although in most cases this is not going to be a long conversation! The same applies with going out and socialising with friends. Are they going to see from this that you are somebody who goes out and gets drunk six nights a week and who may not be able to focus on your work sufficiently the next day? People seem to think the reason you put this down is because firms can then see what a well-rounded individual you are. Everybody socialises with other people to a certain extent. It has no relevance to anything and should be avoided like the plague! References You do not need to give references at this stage, and references available on request will suffice. Indeed there are firms out there who request references prior to deciding whether to offer a post, and this can put you in an awkward position. Covering Letter Contrary to popular opinion your covering letter should be something that can actually be read. Too many people write a big long list of all the words they think a solicitors firm want to see in a covering letter and example of this is “I am pro-active in my development of my legal knowledge and wish to practice in a firm that offers an open strategic environment suitable to a development of a career in these fields of law”. Three or four paragraphs of writing with the appropriate salutation with ‘yours sincerely’ or ‘yours faithfully’ at the bottom. The three paragraphs should include a paragraph saying that you wish to apply for the job. A paragraph explaining who you are, at what stage of your career you are at and what you are aiming to do. A paragraph outlining any information that is going to be of interest to a firm and is particularly relevant to a certain firm as opposed to being a general catch all paragraph. Then a final paragraph to say that you have enclosed your CV and you look forward to hearing from the firm. If you follow these basic guidelines you will ensure that your covering letter is not too long or waffling and that it is read to a certain extent by the firm. Legal internship contact details. Law internship contact details. Law firm internship contact details. Lawyer internship contact details. Legal NGOs

<b>Curriculum</b> <b>Vitae</b> - OPINIO JURIS The international <b>law</b> pages

Curriculum Vitae - OPINIO JURIS The international law pages All you need to do is simply enter your personal details into the ready made text boxes and within minutes you will have an eye catching, interview winning and professional resume. The templates can be edited in any version of Microsoft Word. Click on the link below to be taken to our secure Pay Pal payment page. Once you have paid the templates will be automatically emailed to you. This template can be used for your own personal use i.e. You may edit, rewrite and send it out to job vacancies as many times as you like. However it must not be resold or used for any other commercial purposes. A bright, talented and ambitious lawyer who possesses a vast wealth of knowledge and has a proven record of providing indispensable advice to clients and delivering positive outcomes for them. A quick learner who can quickly absorb new situations and can communicate clearly and effectively with both legal professionals and members of the public. Constantly focused on resolving legal issues and always looking for ways to improve and evolve processes. Presently looking for a lawyer's position that provides a high level of job satisfaction and is also diverse and challenging. Legal Firm LAWYER - May 2008 - Present Involved in practising law by giving authoritative advice to clients and representing them at court. Also responsible for coming up with practical solutions to the needs of clients by having a thorough and commercial approach to legal matters. Duties: Copyright information - Please read © This lawyer CV template is the copyright of Dayjob Ltd 2010. Job seekers may download and use this resume for their own personal use to help them create their own CV. You are most welcome to link to this page or any other page on our website. However this curriculum vitae sample must not be distributed or made available on other websites without our prior permission. For any questions relating to the use of these teacher CV templates please email: [email protected] Fields of expertise International Criminal Law; Human Rhts Law; Laws of. international legal standards relating to specific violations; draft decisions to be.


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